Тhе Наrlеm Rеnаіssаnсе wаs thе nаmе gіvеn tо thе сulturаl, sосіаl, аnd аrtіstіс ехрlоsіоn thаt tооk рlасе іn Наrlеm (in Manhattan, New York) between 1918 and the mid-1930’s. It was also knоwn аs thе "Νеw Νеgrо Моvеmеnt". It іnсludеd thе nеw Аfrісаn-Аmеrісаn сulturаl ехрrеssіоns асrоss thе urbаn аrеаs іn thе Νоrthеаst аnd Міdwеst Unіtеd Ѕtаtеs аffесtеd bу thе Grеаt Міgrаtіоn (Аfrісаn Аmеrісаn), оf whісh Наrlеm wаs thе lаrgеst. Тhе period was the rebirth of Аfrісаn-Аmеrісаn аrts.
Literature blossomed and produced prolific writers, such as Langston Hughes, an American poet, social activist, novelist, playwright, and columnist. One of the earliest innovators of the then-new literary art form called jazz poetry he was best known as a leader of the Harlem Renaissance.
This artistic explosion also nurtured up and coming Black writers, including:
James Baldwin: American novelist, essayist, playwright, poet, and social critic. His essays were collected in Notes of a Native Son and his most recognized book was Go Tell It on the Mountain
Zora Neale Hurston who published 50 published short stories, plays, and essays, and was best known her 1937 novel Their Eyes Were Watching God.
A new style of music was also born in Harlem. It combined the traditionally jazz band of the southern African-American with the piano music of the more elite Northern Blacks. Jazz greats included Louis Armstrong, Fats Waller, Ella Fitzgerald, and Duke Ellington. Their music crossed the boundary lines of color and ushered in a uniquely American sound.
Other art forms, such as dance (Billy ‘Bojangles’ Robinson) and painting (Lois Mailou Jones) also reached new expressive heights. Unfortunately the progressive artistic accomplishes of that time was dampened beneath the devastating weight of the Great Depression.